Debt Ratios for Residential Financing
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after your other recurring debts have been paid.
Understanding the qualifying ratio
Typically, underwriting for conventional loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
In these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including hazard insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.
The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like auto loans, child support and credit card payments.
Some example data:
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, feel free to use our very useful Mortgage Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Remember these are just guidelines. We will be happy to pre-qualify you to determine how much you can afford.
At SLI Mortgage, LLC, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Call us: (512) 228-8859.